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What Are the Main Symptoms of Kidney Stones and How Are They Treated?

Home - Health & Fitness - What Are the Main Symptoms of Kidney Stones and How Are They Treated?

Table of Contents

Kidney stones are hard mineral and salt deposits that form inside the kidneys. They can vary in size and may cause significant discomfort. Understanding the symptoms is crucial for early detection and treatment. Here’s a detailed overview of the main symptoms of kidney stones, mainly focusing on why timely intervention is essential, with a special mention of the advanced kidney stone treatment in Gurgaon.

1. Severe Pain

Location and Nature:

  • Flank Pain: The most common and often the first symptom is intense pain in the back or side, just below the ribs. This pain can radiate to the lower abdomen and groin.
  • Intermittent Pain: The pain can come and go in waves, often fluctuating in intensity.
  • Sharp or Cramping: The pain can be sharp, cramping, and very severe, often described as one of the worst pains a person can experience.

2. Hematuria (Blood in Urine)

  • Visible Blood: Blood in the urine is a common symptom. The urine may appear pink, red, or brown.
  • Microscopic Blood: Sometimes, blood may not be visible to the naked eye but can be detected under a microscope during a urine test.

3. Frequent Urination

  • Urgency: The need to urinate more frequently than usual.
  • Small Amounts: Passing small amounts of urine more often.
  • Persistent Urge: A persistent urge to urinate, even when little comes out.

4. Painful Urination

  • Burning Sensation: A burning sensation or pain during urination can indicate the presence of kidney stones.
  • Discomfort: This symptom is prevalent if the stone moves through the ureter.

5. Nausea and Vomiting

  • Digestive Distress: Kidney stones can cause nausea and vomiting, which are reactions to severe pain and the body’s effort to eliminate the stone.

6. Cloudy or Foul-Smelling Urine

  • Infection Indicators: Cloudy or foul-smelling urine can indicate an infection in the urinary tract, sometimes accompanying kidney stones.

7. Fever and Chills

  • Infection Symptoms: If a kidney stone causes a urinary tract infection (UTI), you might experience fever and chills. This requires immediate medical attention as it can indicate a severe infection.

Why Early Detection is Crucial

Prevents Complications:

  • Infections: Untreated kidney stones can lead to severe infections.
  • Kidney Damage: Prolonged blockage can cause permanent damage to the kidneys.

Improves Treatment Outcomes:

  • Less Invasive: Early detection often leads to less invasive treatments.
  • Quicker Recovery: Timely treatment can result in faster recovery and less discomfort.

Advanced Kidney Stone Treatment in Gurgaon

Gurgaon is home to several world-class medical facilities offering advanced treatments for kidney stones. These treatments range from non-invasive procedures to advanced surgical options, ensuring comprehensive patient care.

  1. Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL):
  • Non-invasive: Uses shock waves to break the stones into smaller pieces that can be passed through the urine.
  • Outpatient Procedure: Typically performed on an outpatient basis with minimal recovery time.
  1. Ureteroscopy:
  • Endoscopic Procedure: Involves using a thin scope passed through the urethra and bladder to the stone, which is then broken up or removed.
  • Practical for Medium-Sized Stones: This is especially useful for stones located in the ureter.
  1. Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL):
  • Minimally Invasive Surgery: For larger stones, a small incision is made in the back to remove the stone directly from the kidney.
  • High Success Rate: Effective for large or complex stones.
  1. Laser Lithotripsy:
  • Precision: Uses a laser to break up stones, allowing for precise and effective treatment.
  • Less Tissue Damage: Minimizes damage to surrounding tissues.
  1. Medical Management:
  • Medication: For small stones, medication may help dissolve the stones or facilitate their passage.
  • Hydration and Diet: Emphasis on increased fluid intake and dietary modifications to prevent stone formation.


Understanding the symptoms of kidney stones is essential for early detection and effective treatment. If you experience severe pain, blood in your urine, frequent or painful urination, nausea, vomiting, or any other related symptoms, it is crucial to seek medical attention promptly. In Gurgaon, advanced treatments are available to manage and treat kidney stones effectively, ensuring comprehensive care and improving patient outcomes. Timely intervention can prevent complications, alleviate pain, and enhance the quality of life, making it essential to recognise and act on the symptoms of kidney stones early. For those experiencing these symptoms, exploring the best options for kidney stone treatment in Gurgaon is a proactive step towards optimal health and well-being.