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Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common yet serious condition that affects the gums and the supporting structures of the teeth. It ranges from mild inflammation (gingivitis) to severe damage to the soft tissue and bone (periodontitis), potentially leading to tooth loss if untreated. At Dental Clinic in Calicut, we aim to educate our patients about gum disease, its causes, symptoms, and the importance of early intervention. In this blog, we’ll provide comprehensive insights into gum disease and share expert advice on prevention and treatment.


What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease is an infection of the tissues that hold your teeth in place. It is primarily caused by poor oral hygiene, leading to plaque buildup on the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on your teeth and gums. If not removed through regular brushing and flossing, it can harden into tartar, which can only be removed by a dental professional.


Stages of Gum Disease



  • Symptoms: Red, swollen gums that bleed easily during brushing or flossing.
  • Causes: Poor oral hygiene, plaque buildup, smoking, hormonal changes, certain medications.
  • Reversibility: Gingivitis is reversible with good oral hygiene and professional dental cleaning.



  • Symptoms: Gums pulling away from the teeth, deep pockets forming between teeth and gums, loose teeth, persistent bad breath, pus between teeth and gums.
  • Causes: Untreated gingivitis, continued plaque and tartar buildup.
  • Irreversibility: Periodontitis requires professional treatment to manage and prevent further damage. It can lead to tooth loss and bone deterioration if not addressed.
  • Causes of Gum Disease
  • Gum disease can be caused by a variety of factors,
  •  including:


Poor Oral Hygiene: Inadequate brushing and flossing lead to plaque buildup.

Smoking and Tobacco Use: Smoking weakens the immune system, making it harder to fight off gum infections.

Genetics: A family history of dental disease can increase your risk.

Hormonal Changes: Pregnancy, menstruation, and menopause can make gums more sensitive and susceptible to gingivitis.

Medical Conditions: Diseases such as diabetes can affect the health of your gums.

Medications: Some medications reduce saliva flow, which protects your gums.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

Recognizing the symptoms of gum disease early can prevent serious complications. Common 

signs include:


Red, swollen, or tender gums

Gums that bleed during brushing or flossing

Persistent bad breath or bad taste in the mouth

Receding gums

Formation of deep pockets between teeth and gums

Loose or shifting teeth

Prevention and Treatment


Maintain Good Oral Hygiene:


Brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.

Floss daily to remove plaque between teeth and along the gumline.

Use an antimicrobial mouthwash to reduce plaque and prevent gingivitis.

Regular Dental Check-Ups:


Visit Dental Clinic in Calicut regularly for professional cleanings and check-ups. Early detection and treatment of gum disease are crucial.

Healthy Lifestyle Choices:


Avoid smoking and tobacco use.

Eat a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals.

Manage conditions like diabetes that can affect gum health.



At Dental Clinic in Calicut, we offer comprehensive treatment options for gum disease, including:


Professional Cleaning: Removal of plaque and tartar through scaling and root planing.

Medication: Antimicrobial treatments and prescription mouthwashes to control infection.

Surgical Options: In advanced cases, surgical procedures like flap surgery or bone grafting may be necessary to restore damaged tissue and bone.



Gum disease is a prevalent but preventable condition that can have serious consequences if left untreated. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and stages of gum disease is the first step towards maintaining healthy gums and teeth. At Dental Clinic in Calicut, our dedicated team of dental professionals is committed to providing personalized care and effective treatment options to help you achieve optimal oral health. Regular dental check-ups, good oral hygiene practices, and a healthy lifestyle are essential in preventing and managing gum disease. If you notice any signs of gum disease, don’t hesitate to schedule an appointment with us. Your oral health is our priority, and we are here to ensure you receive the best possible care.